Richard Dewey article

In Monu journal, on Geographical Urbanism.
Well worth reading, with some interesting ideas on the role of geography in exploring and presenting urban space.

UK EdChat Online Conference

An image here showing some of the presenters for the forthcoming UK Ed Chat online conference.

I'm in good company it seems...

New Health data for CDRC Maps

Thanks to Alasdair Rae for the tipoff to a new data set which has been added to the CDRC mapping tool. It has added health data, which includes a range of data sets.

These are AHAH data: the Access to Healthy Assets and Hazards.

Useful data including fast food, health care, and air quality indicators.

Population Density Mapping

Luminocity 3D Population Mapping. Has been shared before, but useful...

Michael Palin: honorary geography doctorate

A fair few classrooms that I've visited over the years have a quote about the power of geography on the walls, written by Michael Palin: former President of the Royal Geographical Society.
Here's another:

“Geography for me, in my life, has been curiosity about the world, interest in why people are different, and it’s done me a lot of good,” he said.
“I’m very proud to be an ambassador for geography so this particular award, doctor of science for my work in geography, is important and I hope it sends out a signal to other people who want to be geographers, want to travel or just want to understand the world.”

It was said on the occasion of Michael receiving an honorary doctorate from the University of St. Andrews.

Newcastle University - this Wednesday

If you're in the area, let your Year 12s interested in doing geography at University know about this opportunity to find out more...

Secondary Phase Top Tips

On Saturday, I rounded off a hectic and varied working week with an early train down to London for the October meeting of the Secondary Phase Committee of the GA. There were a few GA meetings in the same hotel.
One of the things we do as a committee is create a list of what we call Top Tips. There are sometimes 10, and sometimes more.... and sometimes less.
You can see previous lists of them on our committee page on the GA website.

We've experimented with a new format this time round, and the latest list is shared here before it goes on the GA website, as the new website will be launched soon...

Inspirational Places: Changing Places

I've started work on one of my summer projects for this year.

It's working with Peter Knight from Keele University to 'translate' some of the ideas in an undergraduate geography module called 'Inspirational Landscapes' into a scheme of work for the teaching of the Changing Places module in the new 'A' level.
I co-wrote the Changing Places section in the Cambridge University Press textbook, along with Garrett Nagle and Claire Kyndt, and wanted to develop it a little further as textbooks are of course a little static. Claire has also since developed quite a lot of new ideas while teaching the topic, and we have also planned some fieldwork experiences, which have had to be adapted a little in light of recent events as it happens.
This will explore the interface between school and academic geography (which some people have criticised for the undue influence of academic interests on the new 'A' levels, which have not always been the most straightforward topics to research and teach for the first time)

The website where our materials will appear is now live.

It explains the project and, although there's not much there now, it will build up between now and Christmas - hopefully in time to help some colleagues before the first sitting of the exams in 2018....

Suburban Dreams

Sprawling on the fringes of the city

In geometric order
An insulated border
In-between the bright lights
And the far, unlit unknown

Lyrics : Neil Peart

I've lined up a few interesting writing jobs for the summer...
One of them is to finish some materials for the Data Skills in Geography project of the Royal Geographical Society.
I'm going to be writing about the Suburbs, and ideas for using different data and mapping that is available online to support teachers in their work.
And here's the best song about the Suburbs - one for the Suburbs playlist that I'll make as part of the final resource...


Another story via the wonderful OSOCIO

Polluted Water Popsicles

This describes a project which was put together to publicise poor water in South Korea.

New Big Big Train music...

A surprise new album, to be released on Friday, just 2 months after the previous one...
Liking this first track, and the theme of the album

“Our writing over this period has focused on the English landscape, the people that work on the land and their folklore stories."
This album:
“explore landscapes, rivers and meeting places and take the listener on voyages of discovery across the world and to the stars.”

Also looking forward to seeing them live later in the year...

Glastonbury - going to be a hot one...

The image below is from the @bbcglasto Twitter feed.
Gearing up to be a hot day in Somerset as the gates open for Glastonbury.

7 years ago was the hottest: 2010, and I was there with the Geography Collective.
Check out my images.

Good memories of 5 sleepless days...

Dan's latest explorations

Dan Ellison has been over in the States for the last few days at the National Geographic Explorers Festival, along with over 140 explorers....
Here's Dan's short talk on his walk across cities and National Parks last year, and his plans for next month...

Dan is going to do a large walk which is called Dan's #BigWalkAroundLondon

World Refugee Day

"I’ve met so many who have lost so much. But they never lose their dreams for their children or their desire to better our world. They ask for little in return – only our support in their time of greatest need"
UN Secretary-General, António Guterres

Today: 20th June is UN World Refugee Day

This year's focus is on HOSPITALITY and HOPE.

Catch these BBC animations while you can...

AQA 'A' Level Geography - Tutor2U Grade Booster Workshops

One of the projects I worked on through the last year was some writing (less than planned in the end) for the Tutor2U AQA 'A' Level Geography specification. The final resource is an impressive pack of materials which are available for download at various prices.

Now, the Tutor2U team are taking this work on the road, mirroring some other projects, with some revision Grade Booster Workshops in the run up to the first sitting of the exams next year.

Click the link to express your interest.

Who's it for: All students taking AQA A Level Geography exams in June 2018.
Price: £25 per student (+ VAT) ; teacher places free
Hosts: To be confirmed

Our AQA A Level Geography Grade Booster workshops are designed to provide essential revision support to all AQA A Level Geography students as they complete their preparation for the three terminal papers at the end of their linear A Level course.

About this event

The intensive Grade Booster workshop format is designed to:
  • Refine and sharpen key exam technique for the three AQA A Level Geography papers
  • Build confidence in the essential assessment skills
  • Provide a clear focus and structure for students on how to make the most effective use of their remaining revision time for the first AQA A Level Geography exams in June 2018

Learning outcomes

The AQA A Level Geography Grade Booster Workshop combines:
  • Four hours of intensive large-group tuition by our experienced A Level Geography presenter team
  • An enlarged workshop booklet containing all the session content, extension activities, guidance on exam-board specific exam technique and other essential revision materials designed for students at the end of their A Level Geography course.

Course package

Each student place costs just £25 (+VAT) for the day of tuition. This includes a comprehensive workshop resource booklet which also includes follow-up revision materials.

What a scorcher!

It's the hottest day of the year officially.... 32.4 degrees so far is the highest recorded...
Here's how we used to cope...

I remember the summer of 1976 - apparently 15 consecutive days when the temperature went higher than 32 degrees C (today's temperature)

UK EdChat Online Conference

The 1st UK EdChat Online Conference, will take place in your own home in October this year. There will be a large number of sessions which will be available to view at home. There will be a series of videos which have been made by teachers and educators on particular themes.

I'm going to be involved, and sharing a video version of a session that I've run a few times on the importance of getting students 'beyond four walls' - ideas for outdoor learning, including references to Mission:Explore, the work of Primary colleagues and initiatives such as 30 Days Wild and Outdoor Classroom Day.

More details nearer the time....

Ely underwater?

Emily Shuckburgh of Exeter University gave an interesting talk as part of the Science Festival which has been hosted in Ely Cathedral for the last month or so.
She was also the co-author with Prince Charles of the new Ladybird Book of Climate Change which I've blogged about previously.
Cambridge News has the story of her lecture, which included the thinking around the possibility that Ely might end up being an island again due to projected sea level.
This is the very scenario that we recently had in our recent Physics-Geography project, which we will be sharing some outcomes from in the next few weeks. In our scenario, we had a (fairly improbable) tsunami race across the Fens, leaving part of Ely isolated on higher ground.

Grenfell Tower

This is a hard topic to write about, but an important one. 

Around ten years ago, Dan Ellison and myself put together a bid for the Royal Geographical Society's 'Going Beyond' Land Rover travel bursary which involves a Land Rover and some cash. Sadly, we were not successful, although a future winner of that grant was Felicity Aston's Pole of Cold trip, which I connected with. The idea we had back then, was of turning the vehicle into what we called our 'space'ship, and we were going to arrive at various locations where we would meet up with prominent geographers and groups of school children, and be guided by them as to the geographies of their place. One of the geographers who'd agreed to meet us was Danny Dorling, who was at the University of Sheffield back then.

Danny was going to meet us in Sheffield and take us on a short journey, which would take about 15 minutes, but which would take us from one place to another whose residents had a life expectancy that was 15 years shorter at the time. Geography matters in these instances. The Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, like any urban area of comparable size, is not homogeneous. There are differences within it.
Danny's '32 Stops' picks up that metaphor for a tube line running across London. Lives on the Line visualises this.

On Wednesday morning, we woke to the terrifying images of the fire overtaking the Grenfell Tower block in North Kensington. Through the days since, there have been many hours of news coverage, and there has also been a growing anger that this was an avoidable event, and that warnings apparently weren't listened to. There were also some longer-term political allegations relating to fire safety reports, and the reduction in funding to the London Fire Service (and other public and emergency services generally). Several London Fire Stations were closed in 2014 due to funding cuts, for example. At the time of writing, there are growing protests, and the building remains too unsafe for the next stage of the investigation and recovery process to begin. Local tube stations are closed for fear of falling debris, and firefighters at one stage thought the tower might collapse.

Nesrine Malik connected the tragedy with the way that migrants are treated.

The first victim named was a Syrian refugee, Mohammed al-Haj Ali. The list is now extending into a roll call of the marginalised, the maligned and the disenfranchised.

Lynsey Hanley, whose book 'Estates' I have blogged about quite a few times over the years as an important contribution to the discussions on housing was very clear about the link with inequality too. In her piece she also mentions Danny's data in this area, as well as highlighting the potential benefits when these developments 'work':

The geographer Danny Dorling has shown that black and minority ethnic people in social housing are disproportionately housed in flats, to the extent that, in his words, ‘the majority of children who live above the fourth floor of tower blocks, in England, are black or Asian.’ This is not to do with a shortage of housing, but is a reflection of the fact that not only are ethnic minorities more likely to be working-class by wage and occupation, but they experience discrimination – tacit or outright – when allocated housing.

Here's a story about a disabled mum and her son housed high up in the block... should they have been housed in such a place?

Danny Dorling has written on both inequality and housing, and his recent books have explored the idea that inequality is the biggest threat of all. His re-issued book, Injustice, has an important premise.

Beveridge’s five social evils are being replaced by five new tenets of injustice: elitism is efficient; exclusion is necessary; prejudice is natural; greed is good and despair is inevitable. By showing these beliefs are unfounded, Dorling offers hope of a more equal society. We are living in the most remarkable and dangerous times. With every year that passes it is more evident that Injustice is essential reading for anyone concerned with social justice and wants to do something about it.

There are plenty of luxury high rise blocks of course. Urgent efforts are now being made to assess the fire safety of all similar dwellings, one would imagine. A political cartoon in the Guardian, also today includes an image of these luxury developments which have sprouted up throughout London over the last decade, some of them controversial in the way that they have been funded or occupied.

There have been a great many images and political cartoons shared online which, taken with other information and stories are important ideas for students to be introduced to. There is also an aspect here which connects with teaching we do on the nature of risk, and the hazard risk equation. Are the sums working out differently if one considers the richer, and poorer, when it comes to housing safety?

A final story relating to the geography of the tragedy returns us back to the story of a journey between unequal places. The Guardian's Esther Addley followed the road that leads from the Westway, south to Royal Crescent Gardens. It seems that nothing much has changed in those 10 years since our idea.

The Illustreets app gives the area around Grenfell Tower a deprivation of between 7 and 9 out of 100 (0 being the worst), whereas less than a kilometre to the south takes you into areas scoring in the 70s... (100 being the best). Perhaps, as Simon Jenkins writes, it is time to stop building residential blocks, especially as one report said that no fire appliance in the UK could have reached the top floors. It reminds me of some of the book 'Vertical' that I read earlier in the year, and talked about at the time. In his book, Stephen Graham argues that it is the rich who segregate themselves by living higher...

I'm grateful to Brendan Conway for contacting me, and prompting me to think about this issue, and say something about it here.
He reminded me of the important role that schools play following such an event.  
Schools are doing amazing resilient work in the vicinity of Grenfell Tower to support students, their families and other schools.
The closest school to Grenfell is Kensington Aldridge Academy which is closed and currently hosted by Burlington Danes Academy and Latymer Upper School

It can be seen on one of the first pictures on this page - see just how close the school is to the tower. 

Among the various initiatives started up, one is called #GreenForGrenfell in West London schools, but other schools might want to show support in a similar way

Brendan shared just a couple of examples from schools he has worked with in that area:
One of them, Sion Manning is itself deeply affected and they are now hosting St Francis of Assisi primary school (about 200 m from Grenfell Tower, so it's had to close temporarily)  
Another, Holland Park School, appears to have very sad losses from their community and have also been providing magnificent support since the early hours of the disaster:

I know that other schools in the area will be doing all sorts of great things to help and support.  I just thought that this tremendous effort should be acknowledged.

Thanks to Brendan for sharing these stories, and I am pleased to be able to share them here. My utmost admiration goes to all those who are helping the residents and their families in whatever shape that takes.
I hope this post may have been helpful in some way.

If you want to help the residents of Grenfell Tower, there are several ways that you can do that.
The British Red Cross has launched the London Fire Relief fund, which is taking donations.

Seminar at UCL on a research-led profession

Picture1.pngThanks to Susan Pike for the tipoff to a seminar that is being held at UCL in early July. I won't be able to make it, but it looks very useful and interesting, and also timely considering the growing discussions over the use of research to inform classroom practice, by members of GEReCo: the Geography Education Research Collective.

There is a link here to the page with details.
It's during the working week and in school time, but there may be some London-based teachers with gained time who could attend if they were thinking of doing an MA, or had a CPD role within their school.

July 3 2017
[room 744]
UCL Institute of Education
20, Bedford Way, London, WC1 H 0AL
1.30pm – 4.00pm
Teaching as a research engaged profession?
Problems and possibilities for subject specialist teachers
In the Chair: Dr Mary Biddulph (GEReCo)
  1. Tony McAleavy. Research and Development Director for the Education Development Trust. He is author of Teaching as a research-engaged profession: problems and possibilities co-published by the Education Development Trust and researchED

    David Lambert. Professor of Geography Education, UCL Institute of Education and co-director of the Subject Specialism Research Group (SSRG). He is the lead author, on behalf of GEReCo, of a draft ‘position paper’ Curriculum Leadership and the research engaged profession
There will be plenty of time for open discussion and debate. Possible outcomes include refining research agenda/priorities and informing teacher education programmes.

Iain Sinclair event on (and in) London

Thanks to Tina Richardson and David Jarratt for telling me about an event with Iain Sinclair on the 21st of June.

The inaugural lecture in the ‘OUR KIND OF TOWN?’ series will take place on June 21st and be given by Iain Sinclair who explores the condition of perceived ‘groundlessness’ in the stretched city that London has become, by way of memory raids, recovered texts and visionary encounters.
Book now through Eventbrite

Reclaiming London for its citizens

A series of public lectures mapping issues of democracy and injustice in London’s past, present and future.
London has a long history of struggle for democratic rights. It has been the birthplace of many campaigns for social justice, and sustained a political culture in which refugees and immigrants have made vital contributions to the intellectual and cultural life of the city and the nation. However the current disconnect between the everyday experience of many Londoners and the increasingly complex and disorganised systems of governance to which they are subjected, the widespread withdrawal from civic engagement into privatised spheres of personal fulfilment, the weakening of urban bonds which enabled diverse communities to flourish, and the vastly accelerated flows of people, goods and information – all these factors have put in question what exactly it means to be a ‘Londoner’ today.
Livingmaps Network is developing a Citizens Atlas of London, working with community groups in ‘opportunity areas’ identified in the 2050 London infrastructure plan, to create their own alternative map , with the aim of re-imagining London as ‘Our Kind of Town’. As part of this initiative we are organising a year long series of public lectures by leading figures in the movement to rethink what London means to its citizens, drawing on its historical record, its contemporary geography and most importantly, on its future envisagement.
Venue: UCL Darwin Lecture Theatre

TM Solutions - for those close(ish) to Brighton...

The 2nd running of Teachmeet Solutions happens on the 1st of July in Brighton.
As with last year, it's described by David Rogers as "teachers in a pub having a chat", which takes it back to the original origins of a Teachmeet: no keynote speakes, and no sponsorship and big raffles etc.
Here's the details on the Eventbrite page, where you can get your FREE ticket (my favourite price)

This isn't a new breed of TeachMeet, rather a return to the original concept: teachers meeting together to talk about teaching. In a pub. Leave the ego at the door, there won't be a keynote and there won't be the traditional firehose of presentations. Instead participants will all be contributors, leaving with practical ideas to improve learning.
This year, if you have an idea to share, and wish to talk let us know. Talks will be followed by discussion and a chance to consider the practical implications of what you've just heard. There'll also be the chance to speak on the day, similar to a barcamp style. Don't worry, it's all informal and beer or coffee aren't compulsory.
Each person who signs up will be asked to nominate an issue they'd like to either discuss or share ideas around. Discussions will be in small groups. Read about the founding event last year. We aim to support local businesses, so will use a local pub and will aim to provide refreshments from local suppliers.
Twitter will be used in the run up to the event to spark thinking and discussion ahead of the day. On the day, there'll be lots of informal conversations that lead to changes in your practice.
Everyone is welcome. Every contributor will be valued.
Our aim is to ignite collaboration and build a community.
Conversations will continue after the event in Brighton. Last year we grabbed a pub meal and headed out to sample more of the local pubs for those who wanted.

Digging out the d20s....

A few posts colliding last week in my feed to spark a few thoughts. The thing with weekends and half terms is that I scroll through my twitter feed before doing something useful and get sidetracked into something far more entertaining which ends up taking several hours of the day, and resulting in a few thousand more words written. It all goes into the memory bank though and helps with my creativity in the long run.
The post was by Mark Enser, and was a link to a post regarding the use of Dungeons and Dragons as a context for learning subjects. It was an article in UK EdTech magazine, and written by @DragonLearn
I've still got my Dungeons and Dragons Handbooks, and remembered my teens and early twenties, when I spent thousands of hours creating campaigns, and still have one or two on file, along with my main characters I created. I'll dig some out for a future post... This is an image of the 1st edition Player's Handbook: the one I own.
There's a lot of geography to be had from Dungeons and Dragons and the writing and running of a campaign. I spent many days behind the DM's screen... Mapping for campaigns is an obvious starting point, with the cartography required to create authentic maps of cities, landscapes and physical systems.
Weather was part of the story telling... it taught you some basic writing skills, and also the act of invention - some of my finest stories were made up on the hoof, and rapidly adapted so that there was some consistency...
Geomorphology was a part of the campaigns too - the landscapes were fully formed in my head: rivers flowed downhill and snow fell in winter.
I'm not sure I would use these for teaching geography these days, but the lessons about constructing a story are certainly ones that I draw on daily, as each lesson is a little 'dungeon' in itself in some respects, with some NPCs...
Tom Bennett wrote a piece that was published in 'The Guardian' about the place of play in education and outlined some of his thinking around the position of play.
I would say that there is certainly scope for play in teaching.
Susan Pike then posted a useful reminder of the value of play in the Early years.

For example, check out Sharon Witt's GeoGnome session from the GA Conference 2017 which was the most rigorous and enjoyable session I've been involved with for a while. Visit the conference page, and it's one of the session downloads...

And you can't have a dungeon without gnomes...

Green Britain Centre

Out for the first trip of the week - on a coach with 45 excited Year 5 students to the Green Britain Centre.This is a centre in Swaffham, Norfolk, and offers a range of activities and workshops for different age groups.
There's also a wind turbine tour, which takes you up the 306 steps to the top of the turbine. We were able to see all the way across to Ely Cathedral on the horizon.

I like this video which they showed as well..

Earth Null School - the Misery Index

I've just been exploring some of the layers of an old favourite: Earth NullSchool to go along with some writing I'm doing around the IceFlows game that has been produced by Anne le Brocq the University of Exeter.

I wanted to add some ideas relating to the way that the game works.
There are two key aspects of the game, which deal with snowfall and sea temperatures. These are two of the controls which influence the growth of terrestrial and marine ice sheets.
While identifying the relevant layers and overlays on NullSchool, I came across a new one that I'm not sure has always been there, called the MISERY INDEX. This combines temperature and wind speed to identify misery, which is either being 'too hot' or 'too cold' (a little like a thermal comfort index)
You can access it by selecting the appropriate overlay... 

Follow the stories of things.. a podcast series

This came to me via Chris Heffernan and the #WorldGeoChat feed on Twitter.
A set of podcasts on iTunes.

They include vital innovations such as the shipping containers.
Would make useful preps / homework to listen to one of these and produce a sketch note version of the content (or present it in some other way to evidence the fact that it has been listened to...)

Atlas Obscura

I have posted about this website (and the accompanying book) before.
There are some useful ideas here for the Inspirational Landscapes work I am going to do during the summer with Peter Knight.

There is now an interactive map where you can link to over 11 000 obscure and interesting locations around the world, and find out their stories.

Iceland 4K Video

A new addition to the category of 'awesome drone footage of Iceland on Vimeo' films...
Made by Tomas Aamli...

ICELAND 4K from Tomas Aamli on Vimeo.

County Word Cloud project

I'm now up to well over 300 entries for my project to collate thoughts and images for each UK county.
The election has drawn people's attentions over the last few days, so why not add your thoughts to the list here.
Here, as a taster is some early ideas for DEVON, the next in order following my earlier Cornish offering.

Samso - a 'green' place to live

Samso is an island off the coast of Denmark. I saw a nice infographic shared on social media last week, which has been sitting in the 'to do something with' pile for a while.

It is setting the pace for the use of renewable technologies apparently, and there were several stories shared about the place this week.
It may be worth exploring further as a possible place context for students to explore.
This article contains more information.

The infographic came from this nicely designed website.
A 10 year plan evaluation.

Air BnB

An interesting programme from the Australian Broadcasting Company: Foreign Correspondent.
Watch from 18'20" to see a report on the effect of Air BnB on cities.

This is something that is on my list of 'things to write more about' as it is one of the interesting aspects of urban change that has taken place in recent years...

Thought for the Day

"Plastic defines our culture. We can’t let it define our future"

Mountain... the trailer

Geography Day at the RSGS

If you're in or around Perth in two weeks' time, on the 24th of June, why not head for the wonderful Royal Scottish Geographical Society's HQ for Geography Day.

Date: Sat 24th June
Timing: 1100-1500
Venue: RSGS HQ, 15-19 North Port, Perth.
Cost: Free to RSGS members
Theme: Archaeology including items pertaining to archaeology and heritage from the collection (presented by the Collections Team) and tales of famous archaeologists linked to RSGS from our Writer-in-Residence. We are also delighted to welcome Diana Murray FRSGS, ex CEO of Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (which became part of Historic Environment Scotland). Diana was also Curator of the RCAHMS Archaeological Record and therefore makes a wonderful addition to our speaker line-up.
After receiving such positive feedback from our previous three Geography Days we will be sticking with the same format to ensure that everybody gets to hear all the talks.
Each of the talks/activities will last around 30 minutes including time for Q&A with a following ten minutes to move between talks. A working timetable is shown below:
1100 – Welcome from Mike Robinson
1130 – 1st talk starts (4 different talks will commence at once for each group to enjoy)
1210 – 2nd talk starts
1250 – Lunch (provided for a small donation)
1330 – 3rd talk starts
1410 – 4th (final) talk starts
1450 – Closing remarks
1500-1530 Opportunity to further explore RSGS Fair Maid’s House Visitor Centre.
Please call RSGS HQ on 01738 455050 or email to book your free space. 

Wind Turbines

Off on 2 field trips this week.
The first is to the Green Britain centre in Swaffham.

We'll be heading up the Wind Turbine with our Year 5s..
Photos and review of the experience to follow

A date for your new academic year diaries

New ESRI Children's Map

I love this new map layer for ArcGIS Online...

How is your area represented?

Incr'edible' coasts model

Loving this... above and beyond...

Iceland - climate change and glacier guides

A very useful and thought provides provoking piece from Al Jazeera news explores some new issues for Iceland, with respect to its tourist industry.
It describes some of the locations where climate change appears to be having an impact on the activity of the local tourist industry.
I've visited Solheimajokull several times. It's an accessible glacier to the east of Reykjavik and close to the ring road.

Each time the weather has been different. The picture above was taken in 2015.
The glacier guides have to change the access point to the glacier regularly and also work out a route for the tour. Last time I went, there was an ice cave that could be accessed, but that could very well be gone by now.
There are also fences going up at Skogafoss, to protect the grass there and try to encourage people to take a particular route up to the falls, and then the staircase up the side to the viewing platform at the top.
One good site to follow for this sort of news is Iceland Monitor on Facebook. This provides a guide to the latest news which connects with changes to the environment, or similar.
This is a country that is still getting used to the sheer volume of tourism it now receives.